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Gaps in earnings between America's most affluent and the rest of the country continue to grow year after year.

Income includes the revenue streams from wages, salaries, interest on a savings account, dividends from shares of stock, rent, and profits from selling something for more than you paid for it. Income inequality refers to the extent to which income is distributed in an uneven manner among a population. In the United States, income inequality , or the gap between the rich and everyone else, has been growing markedly, by Under Armour Mens Threadborne Blur Gunpowder Green/Clay Green/Metallic Faded Gold cGF201Dy6
, for some 30 years.

Source:Emmanuel Saez, Billabong Womens Beach Bandit Gladiator Sandal Off Black ZMg2LfC8

Income disparities have become so pronounced that America’s top 10 percent now average more than nine times as much income as the bottom 90 percent. Americans in the top 1 percent tower stunningly higher. They average over 40 times more income than the bottom 90 percent. But that gap pales in comparison to the divide between the nation’s top 0.1 percent and everyone else. Americans at this lofty level are taking in over 198 times the income of the bottom 90 percent.

Source: Emmanuel Saez, UC Berkeley

The top 1 percent of America’s income earners have more than doubled their share of the nation’s income since the middle of the 20th century. American top 1 percent incomes peaked in the late 1920s, right before the onset of the Great Depression.

Source: Striking it Richer: The Evolution of Top Incomes in the United States (updated)

Inequality in America is growing, even at the top. The nation’s highest 0.1 percent of income-earners have, over recent decades, seen their incomes rise much faster than the rest of the top 1 percent. Incomes in this top 0.1 percent increased 7.5 times between 1973 and 2007, from 0.8 percent to an all-time high of 6 percent. The Great Recession in 2008 did dampen this top 0.1 percent share, but only momentarily. The upward surge of the top 0.1 percent has resumed.

Source: IRS, Statistics of Income Division

The 1990s saw the annual incomes of the ultra rich explode in size. Between 1992 and 2002, the 400 highest incomes reported to the Internal Revenue Service more than doubled, even after the collapse of the bubble in 2000. In the early 21st century, the economic boom driven by the real estate bubble would more than triple top 400 average incomes before the 2008 economic collapse.


The Congressional Budget Office defines before-tax income as “market income plus government transfers,” or, quite simply, how much income a person makes counting government social assistance. Analysts have a number of ways to define income. But they all tell the same story: The top 1 percent of U.S. earners take home a disproportionate amount of income compared to even the nation’s highest fifth of earners.

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by William Comcowich | May 2, 2016 | Public Relations | 0 comments

What was called “arithmetic” in grammar school, “math” in high school, and “statistics” in college is called “data analytics” in business. Data analytics has become an increasingly important skill for public relations professionals and other creative professionals in business.

Competency in data analytics is already in high demand, and industry experts expect a significant shortage shortly of PR and marketers with superb data analytics skills. The well-documented aversion to math carries over from school to business.

PR and marketing executives surveyed by the USC Annenberg Center for Public Relations say analytics has joined a handful of vital skills PR skills. Most executives (89%) see writing as the most important skill for communicators, followed by strategic planning (84%), verbal communications (80%) and social media expertise (76%). However, almost two-thirds believe analytics is a required skill for PR pros.

Although PR executives are optimistic about the future, finding talent with those fundamental skills is now the industry’s biggest challenge. A major hurdle is that PR is not good at sourcing talent from outside its ranks. PR is turning more to research and analytics departments, as well as advertising and marketing, to find talent to fill its analytics needs.

Skills Shortage across the Board

Competition for data analytics may become more severe as other industries also face greater difficulties finding people with digital and data analytics skills.

The vast majority of companies in healthcare, retail, manufacturing and financial services are facing a digital skills gap, according to a new survey by The Economist Intelligence Unit . The survey of 422 Europe and US-based executives revealed that:

Four out of ten (41%) respondents rank cyber security and web development as the most important digital skills today. However, 43% believe big data will be the most critical under-supplied skillset in three years.

“Remarkably few executives in any of these industries feel they have the skills required to compete, thrive and win in a digital era,” said Adam Green, editor of the report. “At a time when digital disruption is upending entire industries like logistics and hospitality, this could be an existential issue rather than simply a question of maintaining or increasing market share. It is also affecting industries, like finance, whose business is firmly in the digital domain”.

Companies can improve the skills of their current workforce through digital training, create cross-functional teams to integrate digital across their businesses, and create organizational structures can become flatter and more adaptable, the research commissioned by Cognizant suggests.

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